NAACP History: Rosa Parks

Mrs. Rosa Parks is one of our country's most important historical figures. Often referred to as "the mother of the civil rights movement," she was the spark that set off the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Contrary to the folkloric accounts of her civil rights role, Mrs. Parks was not too tired to move from her seat. Rather, she had been a knowledgeable NAACP stalwart for many years, and gave the organization the incident it needed to move against segregation in the unreconstructed heart of the Confederacy, Montgomery, AL.

Mrs. Parks headed the Youth Division of the Montgomery NAACP branch for years. She is the recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor, and the NAACP's Spingarn Medal.